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In October 2020, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres recorded an agreement between Turkey and Libya on the delimitation of maritime jurisdictions in the Mediterranean. The agreement “has been registered with the secretariat in accordance with Article 102 of the Charter of the United Nations,” the registration certificate states.   Two months earlier (August 2020), Greece and Egypt had signed another maritime agreement delimiting an exclusive economic zone for oil and gas drilling rights to counter the agreement between Turkey and Libya.  Last year, on 27 November, when Turkey and Libya signed a maritime agreement established by the two countries` EEZ, the principles of the Convention on the Law of the Sea were brought closer together. The United States, Peru and Colombia are a handful of countries that have also not ratified the Convention on the Law of the Sea. In Libya, the signing of the memorandum elicited different reactions: it was welcomed by supporters of the government of national unity, but rejected by supporters of Khalifa Haftar and the House of Parliament, which is based in Tobruk. Ahmad Al Mismari, the official spokesman for Haftar`s forces, rejected the deal, warning that “military force will be used to prevent any violation of Libyan sovereignty.”  Members of the Tobruk Parliament expressed similar sentiments, while its president, Aguila Saleh Issa, sent a letter to UN Secretary-General António Guterres, calling the agreement “zero and unaerated.” Saleh argued that the agreement should be ratified by the Tobruk Parliament and that “Libya and Turkey have no common maritime borders.”  The Israeli perspective of the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs comments that the agreement does not give Turkey and Libya sovereignty over the claimed waters.  In addition, it is stated that third countries have been kept in the dark about the agreement between Turkey and Libya, which has raised questions about its legitimacy.  The internationally recognized government in Tripoli confirmed the new agreements, but did not give details. The agreement on the delimitation of the maritime borders between Turkey and Libya was signed on 27th November by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and the President of the Libyan Presidential Council, Fayiz es-Serrac.
The agreement is approved by turkey`s Grand National Assembly and the United Nations will be informed of the agreement after Libya`s approval. With the Libya deal, Turkey has taken a revolutionary initiative that will historically have a great influence on the energy geopolitics of the eastern Mediterranean. The assumption that Turkey could not have an agreement with other states in the region has also proved wrong, and with the Libya deal, the doors to new agreements with Egypt, Lebanon and Israel are now open. It also confirmed Turkey`s strong position in the game and proved that it was not possible, from a legal and practical point of view, to ignore Turkey`s existence in the region. The main contribution of the agreement has been to ensure the removal of the borders of the EEZ and the continental zone within the Eastern Mediterranean, given that this is the second maritime boundary delimitation agreement — after the agreement with the TRNC — signed in the Eastern Mediterranean with a riparian country, while Greece`s agreements with Egypt and southern Cyprus have largely lost their legitimacy. . . .